Data Science (DS), the integration of Computer Science, Data Bases, Data Mining and Statistical Analysis, with application in some knowledge domain, has changed dramatically the world around us and how we live. Artifical Intelligence (AI), with its main branches, Pattern Recognition, Machine Learning and Neurocomputing, is one major area which makes intensive use of Data Science. The world and how we live have been transformed dramatically by DS and AI, and education is one of the areas were this new knowledge world will have the most impact. We will address the following basic questions, in regard to DS/AI and higher education:
- How is this new technological era, possibly the biggest technological jump since the advent of electricity in the late 1880s, changing the ways we teach and young people learn, and what we teach/they learn?
- What are the consequences of these changes for curriculum, for instruction, for institutional structures?
- Are universities and colleges ready for it?
Prof. Pedrosa holds a B.Sc. in Electronic Engineering (Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica - ITA, Brazil) and a Ph.D. in Mathematics (UC Berkeley, USA). He has been a faculty member of the University of Campinas (Unicamp), Brazil, first in the Dept. of Mathematics and, since 2012, in the Dept. of Science and Technology Policy, where his research area has been higher education and science policy. Pedrosa was research coordinator (2003-2009) and director (2009-2011) of the Admissions Office at Unicamp. During his tenure, he helped develop the affirmative action program for admission of disadvantaged high-school students to Unicamp (PAAIS) and PROFIS, for students at public high-schools in Campinas, a project that received the Peter Murányi Prize (2013). In 2005-2006, Prof. Pedrosa headed an effort to develop a Master Plan for the HEd public system in the state of São Paulo, and, recently (2014-2016), a similar effort for a plan of ST&I in the state, organized by the São Paulo Research Foundation (Fapesp), where he heads the ST&I Indicators Program. He is currently an academic member of the National Commission on the Evaluation of Higher Education, at the Ministry of Education and coordinates the Laboratory of Studies in Higher Education at Unicamp. He has consulted for OECD, Unesco, the World Bank, the British Council and various government agencies in Brazil on HE and ST&I themes.